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Top Steps to Improve Your Homework

When it comes to finishing your homework, or the need to write a dissertation introduction, not all of us do it with concentration and with sincerity its due to distraction or your way of doing homework is boring and not fun. You can learn to strategies in finishing your homework on time and learning something from it. Follow these techniques to finish your assignments or homework efficiently and stay focused too.

Step 1: Preparing For Your Homework

When sitting down for the completion of your homework or assignment make sure you have all the items that you need in completing your homework. Keep your room tidy and clean so that you don’t have to invest your time in cleaning up the room that you had allotted for doing your work. Sit with the mindset of staying focused on your work and not on your friends. If you get a call from them say that you will call them as soon as you are done with your work. Do some exercise before you sit down to do your work? This increases the flow of your blood and activates your mind. Follow these few steps when preparing for homework

A) Find A Quite Place To Do Your Homework

Don’t sit next to someone who is annoying. If you cannot find a quite place to study at your home, head towards your library. Libraries are the best place to do study, read and do your work. With your homework you can even go through the books that are in library, it will help you do your homework with more information and you might learn something new with more depth and breadth.

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Lessons learned from webinar on publishing scientific articles

In a developing country like Nepal, students or early careers carry out different research activities but face numerous rejections and difficulties in publishing the journals.

Due to lack of proper understanding of elements of standard articles, review process and ethics; most of their research is left unpublished. By chance, if published, it will not get a good readership and chances for replication of study. 

To empower undergraduates, graduates and emerging researchers who intend to publish scientific articles of their research in reputed journals; Project AGRICRAFT, launched by YPARD Nepal, organized a webinar entitled “Publishing Scientific Articles: What Should You Know” on 7-8 November 2020 virtually. Forty participants from diverse backgrounds including agriculture, forestry environmental science actively participated and enthusiastically shared their queries during the webinar.

“Just when I was not clear on how to start reorganizing and editing my thesis for an article publication, I saw this webinar happening and it took me no time to eagerly register my name and hope for the selection. Indeed the session was very fruitful and cleared most of my confusion and paved a path for me towards scientific writing and publication in the suitable journal.” - Akreeti Thakur, participant

The webinar was made feasible with the presence of our resource persons Mr. Dinesh Panday, Ph.D. and Mr. Roshan Babu Ojha. Mr. Panday received his Ph.D. in 2020 from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, United States. Mr. Ojha, currently a Ph.D. candidate at the University of New England, is a soil scientist to the Soil Science Division, Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC) since 2015.

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YPARD represents youth in the fight against food waste: Horizon2020 proposal has been submitted!

In a bid to contribute towards building a low-carbon, climate-resilient future and to enhance research and innovation in support of the European Green Deal, Monika Varga, YPARD Hungary country representative from Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences (formerly Szent Istvan University) have developed and successfully submitted a project proposal entitled ‘F2FTRANS (F2F Transition Lab: A methodological framework against losses and wastes of farm to fork chains within bio-based circular economy)’ for the Horizon 2020 ‘Call: H2020-LC-GD-2020’

This project proposal brings together 24 partner institutions, including 10 companies/SMEs, 13 universities/research organizations and non-profit organizations, 1 regional network, as well as the YPARD Europe hosting institution ‘the Czech University of Life Sciences Prague’ among others.

The main objective of the planned work is to test and demonstrate 22 innovative solutions for decreasing and proper utilizing of wastes and unsustainable packaging in 8 farm to fork supply chains.

Beyond the utilization of innovative technological solutions, a clear overview to quantify losses and waste, and to assess the performance of the possible waste-reducing options, is highly needed.

To support this, a common IT backbone, offering data with a full unquestionable audit trail and supported by a cutting-edge dynamic balance model, resulting in innovative IT solutions, will also be developed and tested.

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YPARD Europe science slam - Empowering the next generation of change-makers in Danube region

YPARD (Young Professionals for Agricultural Development Development) has a long-standing collaboration with the Czech University of Life Sciences Prague (CZU). CZU has been hosting YPARD Europe coordination unit since 2016 and has worked for a stronger youth focus and engagement in agriculture in the region. 

CZU also serves as a hosting place for the CASEE Secretariat. This year, CZU will be hosting a CASEE 2021 conference entitled “CASEE Universities as laboratories for new paradigms in life sciences and related disciplines“. Each year YPARD  takes part in organizing an interactive pre-conference workshop for young scientists attending the various events and this year would like to join the CASEE Conference. 

To support the continued professional and personal growth of young professionals attending the CASEE Conference 2021 conference YPARD will carry out a pre-conference science slam. The event will not focus on a single topic but will rather provide a space where participants can share a past or ongoing project/research which has contributed to improving livelihoods, enhanced capacities or had an impact on communities of youth and young agricultural professionals. 

A science slam is a scientific talk where participants present their research work in a given time frame - usually 10 minutes - in front of a non-expert audience. The focus lies on teaching current science to a diverse audience in an entertaining way. The presentation is judged by the audience.

We not only encourage young agricultural scientists to attend but also youth networks, agricultural organizations, universities and the private sector to join the pre-conference event and share the key work they are doing.

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Empowering young farmers through the YPARD Uganda Café

From the Central to the West, to the North and the East, the YPARD Café caravan traversed Uganda with the main aim of empowering and training young farmers to be incorporated into the food value chain systems to foster food security across Uganda and Africa as a whole.

On 22nd January 2021, the bus was set for Kagadi District in the Western part of Uganda, to the Doers Youth Farm founded by Mr. Charles Goodyear Kisembo, a young farmer, who in 2019 was named an FAO Youth Champion and has trained and inspired hundreds of young farmers. At this farm, the attendees were taken through a lecture on business success emanating from the success story of Charles who at one time lost over USD 5,000 in one season due to swine flu that hit his piggery farm but never gave up on his dream of being the best in the sector. He advised the youth to value and love agriculture just like any other sector of the economy. He also took the youth through practical experience in farm setup processes, farm management, pests and disease control, marketing of agricultural produce and the need to capitalize on digital innovations available on the market. The youth had a guided tour of Charles’ farm and were equipped with skills to help them effectively run and manage their own farming projects.

Like a lion in the jungle on a mission to get the best prey, we returned to the Central region to yet again empower youth from the central region. 23rd Jan found us at Bulamu mixed Farm in Gayaza in the central district of Wakiso. Here, the youth were trained in urban farming practices especially where one doesn’t have vast land for agriculture. Pig farming was the first on the table for the youth to learn. They were taken through breed selection, housing, feed selection, prevention of pests and diseases. The youth were also taken through training on fish farming, dairy farming and banana farming, receiving skills on the dos and don’ts in these sections of farming.

On 25th January 2021, we proceeded to the northern region to find out the magic of food production in this particular region. Our destination was Light Force Farm International in Lira town. The firm is a diversified one with a variety of projects operationalized. At light force, the youth were taken through practical training on silage making, fruit growing, poultry farming, piggery and goat farming. Attracted by the beauty of this farm, many of the attendees promised to start immediately and will invite us to visit “their” farming projects to put on record the skills that they gained from the YPARD Café. They were also taken through a motivational talk by the farm manager miss Prisca, a qualified accountant who gradually developed a love for farming from engaging with farmers at different levels. She challenged the attendees to be ambassadors of mindset change. She was quoted castigating those who undermine the agriculture sector calling it for the poor, village-based and uneducated saying “If you still think that agriculture is for the uneducated, then you are not educated”.

Our last farm tour was in the Eastern region district of Mbale where we met and engaged with another team of young farmers at Kasajja farm. The eastern team was taken through fish farming, dairy farming which included milk processing as well, beekeeping and banana farming. They were equipped with skills on setting up and management of farms.

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Youth4Nature joins Youth In Landscapes Initiative

BONN, Germany (26 January 2021) – Youth-led international environmental organization Youth4Nature (Y4N) has just become the latest member of the Youth In Landscapes Initiative (YIL) steering committee, thus expanding both organizations’ networks while offering valuable opportunities for collaboration, mutual learning and growth.

YIL is the youth arm of the Global Landscapes Forum (GLF), which is made up of a movement of over 50,000 young people bringing positive change to the sustainability of their landscapes. Given Y4N’s focus on educating, empowering and mobilizing young people to lead on solutions to the ecological and climate crisis that are ambitious, backed by science and community, and grounded in justice, the two organizations share some obvious and important points of alignment.

The synergy became apparent in September and October of 2020, when Y4N collaborated with YIL to host the Nature-based Solutions session of the GLF’s Biodiversity: A Digital Journey online series. Following this experience, the two organizations began looking for further opportunities to collaborate on knowledge and capacity building for young people in nature, as well as advocacy for youth leadership in solutions to the biodiversity crisis.

As a YIL Steering Committee member, Y4N joins three other organizations that focus on intergenerational education, empowerment and action towards more sustainable, resilient landscapes: the International Forestry Students’ Association (IFSA), Young Professionals for Agricultural Development (YPARD), and the Global Agroecology Alliance (GAEA).

“Y4N is an organization full of motivated and passionate young people and we are thrilled to have them joining YIL. They have strong expertise in communities and we are looking forward to learning from them and sharing the YIL messages to an even wider audience,” said Alina Lehikoinen, IFSA president. “Together with Y4N we can make YIL even better and stronger.”

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Call for applications: YPARD Director

The GFRAS-YPARD joint secretariat is seeking a proactive, flexible, independent and innovative director to lead the youth network. The mission of Young Professionals for Agricultural Development (YPARD) is to serve as a global platform through which young professionals can express their ideas and realize their full potential towards sustainable food systems.

This position will be based at Czech University of Life Sciences FTA/CZU, Prague, Czech Republic, which hosts the YPARD Europe office. 

Key Responsibilities

Strategic development and operations:

  • Provide strategic direction to further development and orientation of the YPARD network and the development of a GFRAS youth portfolio
  • Coordinate at the operational level implementation of the youth agenda of the Operational Plan  2021-2025 
  • Engage in strategic networking with leading agencies or institutions in the food systems and rural development sectors
  • Represent YPARD and GFRAS youth at international processes 
  • Coordinate YPARD’s global engagement in collaborative initiatives and platforms
  • Coordinate on recruitment and annual program budget breakdown
  • Develop a process for performance appraisal across YPARD operational levels in conjunction with the SC and conduct performance appraisal of the YPARD team
  • Oversee the conduct of the members’ annual survey and feedback loop

Program and fundraising:

  • Develop a global fundraising and sustainability strategy
  • Develop and implement new global programs and support the continuation of ongoing programs such as the mentoring program
  • Identify new potential donors and partners, and lead the development and submission of fundraising proposals.
  • Guide the development of regional program planning and activities, implementation and reporting, ensuring milestones and deadlines are met
  • Connect YPARD operational levels to relevant global/partner programs 

Network Hosting Arrangements:

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Get to know - Hynek Roubík, young expert and enthusiasts in agriculture

In YPARD, we believe in the power of young professionals within the agricultural field. Our future is in their hands and it is very important to keep our youth encouraged. Today, I would like to introduce you to Dr. Hynek Roubík, an expert in organic waste management and sustainable technologies and second-youngest member of the Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences and Bioeconomy platform of the Czech Republic.

Hynek has been in touch with agriculture since his childhood, where he used to help with the home agricultural production of his family. He was always interested in different agricultural aspects and fields. After graduating from high school, Dr. Roubík started his studies at the Czech University of Life Sciences Prague (CZU). Firstly, he initiated his studies in the Faculty of Engineering, but his interests in sustainability and waste management led him to the Faculty of Tropical AgriSciences, where he finished his doctoral studies. Already during his bachelor research, he took a chance to participate as a team assistant of a developing project in Vietnam. And there he realized that this is the right direction to follow. Vietnam has not only become the country of his further research but has also become his home away from home.

Currently, he is a Group leader of the Biogas Research Team. The main focus is on the processing of organic waste to energy and use of the energy for rural households, small-scale farms and other energy plants. The Biogas Research Team runs many successful researches and developing projects in different countries, in Asia e.g. Vietnam, Indonesia, Cambodia, Sri Lanka. Few projects were or are also held in Eastern Europe or Africa.

Dr. Roubík also initiated the BeFair movement at CZU. It was established in 2012 and the main objective is spreading the aspects and ideas of Fairtrade among students at CZU. Even though he is no longer a part of the movement and moved more into the role of mentor, he is very proud of the organization which is still active and grows rapidly through current students at the university.

His latest project is a mobile laboratory “CZU mobiLAB”, developed for the detection of infectious diseases in hard-to-reach areas. Currently, the CZU mobiLAB team is cooperating with the Czech development agency and have delivered 4 units for operation into Zambia and Ethiopia. The laboratory is unique with its easy construction and self-sufficiency. It offers a complex solution for the detection of infectious diseases (including COVID-19) in inaccessible areas of developing countries.

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“Make agriculture sexy again” – interview with Hynek Roubík, a young Czech expert in waste management

Meet Ing. Hynek Roubík, Ph.D. a successful graduate of the Faculty of Tropical Agrisciences (FTA) at the Czech University of Life Sciences Prague (CZU), leader of Biogas Research Team and agriculture enthusiast with a passion for his work.

Hynek focuses mainly on organic waste management and is the author of several successful research thesis. As a young professional just 30 years old he has already published over 30 scientific articles within a range of topics related mainly to biogas, organic waste and waste management in developing world, has participated in and coordinated over 20 projects and is now the supervisor or co-supervisor of 1 bachelor, 6 masters and 7 Ph.D. students. Currently, he is also intensively working on the “CZU mobiLAB” project, which facilitates the work of medical workers in the field and offers a complex solution for the detection of infectious diseases (including COVID-19) in inaccessible areas of developing countries (see here to learn all about it).

As a young talented agricultural professional, we invited Dr. Roubík to shares with us his story through an interview conducted by Kristýna Havlová - YPARD Europe intern, who aimed at capturing Hynek’s journey thus far through a series of carefully crafted questions.

Enjoy the interview below:

Kristýna: Where does your passion for agriculture come from, what made you pursue the path of agriculture?

Hynek: Since I was small, I was always helping my family with our home production of vegetables, potatoes etc. I was always interested in different agricultural issues and aspects of it. That was probably the main reason why I applied for the Czech University of Life Sciences Prague (CZU), which gave me a lot of opportunities and technical skills. During my bachelor thesis research, I went to Vietnam as a research team assistant and there my career in agriculture started.

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When you think of a university, what is the first thing that comes to mind?

For me, I think, science, career, study programs, faculties and of course the student life. I never stop to think about the impact and activities of a higher education institution outside of the scientific/academic aspects.

I guess this was the thought of the Czech University of Life Sciences Prague (CZU), my home away from home for the past six years, as they have created the book "CZU from 77 sides", a book that highlights some of the many topics at the university in a creative, visually appealing, and light-hearted way. This inclusive, international, and multicultural institution that welcomes students from all over the world (my Nicaraguan self-included) has produced many unique results which have not only impacted the Czech Republic but also quite a lot abroad.

Developed through the collaboration of more than 100 authors from CZU, the book represents a light alternative to professional publications or simple informative magazines. It gives the general public, new incoming students, and current student like myself a quick insight into 77 key areas in which the university is working on in an easy to ready storytelling fun way.

Some of the topics covered are: the consequences of climate change, the shortage of workers in agriculture and forestry, food security, bark beetle-infested forests and sustainable solutions just to mention a few, this gives you an idea of how this creative book is spreading the word and creating awareness on the various achievements and activities of this institution like wildfire.

One of my favourite chapters in the book is “Being an entrepreneur while studying” This chapter highlights the principles of the “Finnish Team Academy®” concept/project which links the worlds of business and education. This concept offered to CZU students since 2019 as a learning by doing and team learning approach, encourages entrepreneurship at the university. During their studies, young entrepreneurs form teams in which they operate as independent companies. Students work on real projects that they search for themselves. They thereby create their own customer network with which they communicate and for which they work. Throughout three years of studies, they obtain the necessary marketing and sales skills as well as the knowledge needed to run their own business.

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The AgriTech project: YPARD Armenia global café

“Nation in Action started active involvement in Armenian AgriTech Sector since 2019”, says Hovhannes Yeritsyan, the founder of the project at the YPARD Global Café Yerevan, on November 29, 2020. More than 25 young professionals gathered to learn and share practice on the development of environmentally friendly and modern agriculture, on stable income and financial security.

Nation in Action is a non-formal educational, entrepreneurship and professional development platform for the youth aimed to support its stakeholders and become a change agent on the national and local economic levels.

Nation in Action started active work in Armenia and jointly with ANAU, ICARE Foundation and UNDP Impact Aim accelerator launched the first Armenian AgriTech Incubator which was a big success.

The initiative is aimed to bring to society the benefits of knowledge transfer, development of non-formal education, promotion of youth entrepreneurship, improvement of skills and capacity which will activate public-private cooperation. Moreover, this new initiative may create inclusive and developed community, decrease labor migration, develop new internship mechanisms and increase social responsibility of the private sector.

Since 2019 over 25 AgriTech projects have been incubated and accelerated from around 8 countries.

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The GYOOGH project at the YPARD Armenia Café

One of the most joyful projects that were presented at the YPARD Global Café Yerevan was the Gyoogh project which is being implemented by the young and active people. Anna Danielyan who is a cofounder of this active project presented the objectives of their initiative.

Gyoogh organizes unique village tours, quests, intellectual games for tourists and locals, in partnership with people from remote villages. It provides steady revenues and job opportunities in these villages. The project takes efforts to connect participants with Armenian traditions and culture. The main target villages are Buzhakan, Semyonovka, Meghradzor, Lushashogh, Verin Khotanan, Karenis, Aragats and Gusanagyugh.

The young group of patriots emphasize proportional development of rural and urban communities. The project is 100% committed to tourism development, service improvement, self-fulfilment, self-disclosure and personal growth.

The main activities that are being implemented so far are:

  1. Group events, organized in villages,
  2. Team-building (individual service for each organization).
  3. The group events are organized considering the preferences of the group.
  4. The program they organize includes
  5. Rural games (new tourist service),
  6. Historical, cultural and other group activities

The project has its special investment in solving issues like the lack of diversity in tourist attractions, the scarcity of revenue and job opportunities for people living in remote villages as well as culture deprivation.

In the end, it turned out that one of the participants was a customer of Gyoogh and she could make a high-quality assessment on the positive development of program judging from her own experience.

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Cross-Border Alliance for Climate-Smart and Green Agriculture in the Black Sea Basin (AGREEN)

Within the framework of the first YPARD Global Café Yerevan organized on the 29th of November 2020, we were pleased to host the AGREEN project and one of the program coordinators Lilit Avdalyan.

From her interactive presentation, one could learn that the AGREEN project promotes the concept for climate-smart agriculture (CAS) as an approach for developing agricultural strategies to secure sustainable food security under climate change. The project is implemented in cooperation with Dobrudzha Agrarian and Business School (BG), Ovidius University of Constanta (RO), Tekirdag Namik Kemal University (TR), Biological Farming Association Elkana (GE), International Center for Agribusiness Research and Education (AM) and Development Agency of Eastern Thessaloniki Local Authorities (EL).

As of the future opportunities Lilit highlighted that the project “Cross-Border Alliance for Climate-Smart and Green Agriculture in the Black Sea Basin” /AGREEN/ aims to build capacities for networking and transnational knowledge-transfer base to escalate the drive for establishing climate-smart farming and maintaining higher rates of economical and social fulfilment as it is the evolution and future.

To that end, a community-of-practice (COP) approach shall be applied as one of the most efficient for building professional expertise and knowledge resulting in the establishment of an Alliance of organizations for regional branding, internet connectivity and learning in climate-smart agriculture.

A regional brand for agricultural products originating in the Black Sea Basin and produced in a climate-smart way is being developed. This strategy is being complemented with the elaboration of an interactive map of logistic centers for retail and wholesale trade which facilitate trade in sustainably delivered agricultural products in the partner countries and the regions. The method of crop modelling based on endemic sorts will be applied to test 3 different solutions for the BSB on experimental plots produced by the partners in Bulgaria, Turkey and Georgia, resulting in the delivery of climate-smart crop models that will be made available for the stakeholders. An Internet Platform for liaising sustainable producers and promotion of climate-smart agriculture in the BSB will be launched and sustained to serve as an online tool for information, retrieving and distributing data, provision of contacts and trade channels as well as learning opportunities among the producers of sustainable, bio and organic agricultural products in the BSB.

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YPARD Armenia Café and the IRIS Business Incubator

IRIS Business Incubator was the best host for the YPARD Global Café Yerevan on November 29th, 2020. YPARD Yerevan chose the IRIS Business Incubator for the meeting to showcase how small ideas become great businesses.

The Coordinator of IRIS Narine Terzyan had a presentation on their previously implemented projects and informed the participants about the current opportunities suggested by the business incubator.

IRIS supports entrepreneurs to establish and grow innovative successful businesses by providing full-cycle business development services aiming to enhance the ecosystem for business incubation and business support services in Armenia through becoming networking, collaboration and access to finance platform for traditional SME sector.

IRIS Business Incubator aims to become a tool for sustainable development of future generations of start-ups and stimulate the culture of entrepreneurship by bringing positive change to the business culture in Armenia through innovative approaches. As an effective tool for economic integration, IRIS Business Incubator supports start-up entrepreneurs and SMEs to implement their business ideas. IRIS Business Incubator supports Syrian Armenians and local entrepreneurs to establish and develop their successful ventures by providing a unique full cycle of business support services, including training at IRIS Academy, coaching, mentoring and access to finance with grant and/or loan funds, access to co-working space.

On October 2019 after the 1st Call for Application, IRIS Business Incubator has received 600 applications from Syrian-Armenians and local entrepreneurs from all the regions of Armenia. The best 160 participated in business idea pitching training in February 2020. After presenting their business initiatives and reasons for becoming residents of the IRIS Business Incubator to the Jury, 99 were invited to the business model canvas training, and the selected 73 residents participated in IRIS BI three main programmes: SPARK, BUILD and START.

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2020 has yielded to 2021: This, I celebrate

Dear friends and colleagues, 

2020 is a year that leaves unforgettable marks. Many of us will remember it for many different reasons. A year that has taken so much. A year that has given so much. I believe that it is OK to grieve and celebrate its passing – however, we feel.  

2020 has yielded to 2021. This, I celebrate.

YPARD began 2020 with the primary goal of reviewing YPARD’s hosting arrangement and strengthening our community across our operational levels – from the national chapters to the global coordination unit. Within the first quarter of 2020, we transitioned, like many other agencies, to virtual working spaces. Here are examples of our key achievements as a community in 2020:

  1. Following our agenda to explore avenues to strengthen our network, we transitioned administratively from FAO in Rome while maintaining our operational relationships through continuous engagement in shared agenda.  
  2. We co-developed an operational plan for 2021 -2025 with our strategic partner, GFRAS 
  3. We re-launched the YPARD Café into Global YPARD Café with some interesting cafes done including: YPARD Café Armenia, YPARD Café Rwanda, YPARD Café Cameroon, YPARD Café PeruYPARD Café Nigeria, YPARD Café Benin, YPARD Café Albania, YPARD Café Nepal and more is still coming!
  4. Our community all organized many e-forums as a way to maintain our community interlinkages and to discuss emerging issues related to COVID-19, these e-forums include; the YPARD Philippines example, the YPARD Pakistan example and more…

Despite the difficulties of 2020, we have illustrated the strength of YPARD as a community and a member-driven international network. This, we should celebrate :)

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The Impact of COVID-19 on World Food Security

The pandemic of COVID-19 has affected the availability of food worldwide. Due to the restrictions imposed, supply chains have been interrupted, exports have been banned by some countries, catering facilities have been closed and unemployment has risen. The world agricultural system has not been prepared for this unexpected situation and therefore it must be adapted. At the same time, this opens up the opportunity for improvement, which will make it much easier for countries to overcome possible future crises. Even before the pandemic broke out, there were several issues regarding food safety and security worldwide. The ageing and poverty of farmers, climate change, urbanization and the lack of technology are the most common examples.

In a Joint Statement of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the World Bank on the Impact of COVID-19 on Food Safety and Nutrition, issued in April 2020, a clear conclusion was reached: Countries must work together to ensure food for all. The COVID-19 pandemic has not only led to a dramatic loss of lives worldwide but also poses a challenge with profound social and economic consequences, including threats to food and nutrition security. Representatives of all participating institutions agree that agriculture and its food-related logistics services should be considered a priority. Greater efforts are needed to ensure the smooth functioning of the food chain and to produce sufficient safe and nutritious food for global use.

Countries should strengthen cooperation during this pandemic. It is important to ensure that policy regulations, such as short-term trade restrictions, do not cause harm to global markets. The COVID-19 pandemic has forced us to rethink our food systems, and agriculture must be a clear priority to ensure continuity of food supply worldwide. Countries should be able to ensure safe food access to every citizen. It is more important to focus on the agricultural sector of the country and target local production rather than an import.

COVID-19 will not be the only food security intruder we are going to experience in our lives. There will be many more and countries must be prepared to ensure the continuity of the food and supply chain.

Picture credit: YPARD Europe

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Pursuing agriculture as a career – my story

“Before I got to know what agriculture really was, I never imagined I could be a part of it”...

I have always been connected to the world of nature. Since I was a small kid, I loved exploring flowers, trees and even the smallest insects in the soil. I was excited about every single butterfly or an earthworm. My hands were constantly “brown” from the soil. My favourite lessons at school were biology and geography. And even though I was a small and shy girl, I knew that one day I would go to see the world.

After graduating from high school, I started a degree in Indian studies. I was passionate about the culture and geography of Southeast Asia, especially in Sri Lanka, which has later become my second home. But my expectations were not fulfilled. I felt that this was not the way to connect my passion for tropical Asian countries and a university degree. After some extensive research of all the universities in the Czech Republic, I finally found a programme that might suit me the most. So I became a student of the study programme on International Cooperation in Agriculture and Rural Development (ICARD) at the Czech University of Life Sciences (CZU) in Prague. This bachelor degree offers courses targeted to Tropical Agriculture, International Development, World Food Security and overall Economical overview of (especially) third world countries. Plus, it offers a wide range of options and chances to travel abroad, through Erasmus, Bilateral agreements or several development projects. So in fact, everything I could ever wish for. There, I finally understood what agriculture really is, all that belongs under it and how important it is to make the youth interested in it. If there is no agriculture, there is no planet Earth.

As I mentioned before, my interest in Tropical Agriculture comes from my regular visits to Sri Lanka. Even though its landscape is mostly known as the “land of the tea”, the island is widely varied in climates, which makes it perfectly suitable for almost any kind of agricultural production. In the coastal area, you can find large coconut and banana plantations. The northern part of the island is a home for paddy fields. This hill country does not only offer breathtaking views of the mountains but here you can also find large tea plantations, together with small-scale vegetable farms. So whether you want to devote your career or research to potato cultivation or coconut palms, Sri Lanka is worth considering. And for me, it will always be the number one country. The country where I love to come back and where I will hopefully spend my future life!

Currently, I am doing a literature review research on Tea Plantations and Fair Trade in Sri Lanka. Due to COVID restrictions, I was not able to collect my data there. But I am ready to continue my research later for my master's studies.

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IVSA Paklihawa – YPARD Nepal: One Health Webinar Series

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the One Health concept is defined as a collaborative, multisectoral, and interdisciplinary approach at the local, regional, national, and global levels to working towards the goal of achieving optimal health outcomes, recognizing the interconnection between people, animals, plants, and their shared environment.

This concept is the key to a safe and sustained future for all beings. For achieving the target, a global collaborative effort is a must. The One Health concept is gaining more recognition in the public health and animal health sectors. This concept initiated as the scientists showed the requirements of considering the health of every living species as a vital aspect for better human health. And eventually, with many efforts, the One Health Day was initiated to mark a date for remembering the importance of One Health on 3rd November every year globally.

The One Health webinar series was jointly organized by the International Veterinary Students’ Association (IVSA) Paklihawa and YPARD Nepal to celebrate the One Health Day 2020. The One Health Webinar Series took place from 2nd to 4th of November 2020 and six different national and international speakers all over the world were invited, who contributed as keynote speakers. This joint effort of IVSA Paklihawa and YPARD Nepal tried to cover all the aspects of One Health i.e., human health, animal health, plant health and the environmental health they share. The keynote speakers presented their insights on various fields of their expertise.

The objectives of the online event were to spread awareness about the One Health Concept, to provide the basic knowledge and necessities of One Health, to interconnect multisectoral disciplines related to One Health and to know the status, and local and global efforts to achieve the One Health concept. The “One Health Webinar Series” was conducted virtually using the StreamYard platform and was broadcasted live on Facebook and YouTube of IVSA Paklihawa and Facebook of YPARD Nepal.

The first day of the “One Health Webinar Series” was started with a welcome speech by Ms. Usha Khatri, SCOH coordinator, IVSA Paklihawa and the session was moderated by Ms. Kamana Kafle, Himalayan College of Agriculture Science and Technology (HICAST). On this very first day of “One Health Webinar Series”,  Dr. Rakesh Chand, Director at Center for One Health Research and Promotion (COHRP), Nepal and Mr. Abhishek Khadka, YPARD Nepal Country Representative, served as our guest speakers. Dr. Chand presented on the topic “Overview of One Health Concept in Nepal: Insect Trade and Their Role in Global Health”. And Mr. Khadka presented his presentation on “Climate Change and its Nexus with Food and Nutrition Security.” The session runtime was two hours including Questions and Answer (Q&A) sections from the audience.

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  • Nepal
  • Promote agriculture among young people
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Youth engagement in agriculture post-Covid 19: challenges and opportunities

On November 26, 2020, the YPARD Albania team consisting of Bledar Meta, Elda Muço and Benard Limani, held an online activity with the theme "Youth Engagement in Agribusiness and Agriculture Post-Covid 19, Challenges and Opportunities". This online activity was held on the Zoom platform and was moderated by Elda Muço and Bledar Meta.

In this activity, YPARD and YPARD Albania were presented to all participants by Bledar Meta (Country Representative of YPARD Albania). At the end of this presentation, everyone was invited to become part of this global platform for young professionals for agricultural development. To offer everyone the opportunity to contribute to the development of agriculture and rural areas through this platform. Also to support them to become rural leaders and form sustainable food systems. This activity was held in cooperation with the Agricultural University of Tirana, and the participants in the activity were the master students in this University.

Invited as panellists to present about the topic in this activity were: two professors of the Agricultural University of Tirana, respectively Prof.Assoc.Dr. Etleva Dashi & Dr.sc. Shpresim Domi, and Assistant Professor PhD. Nol Krasniqi, from the University "Ukshin Hoti" Prizren in Kosovo. Who made a general presentation about these areas in Albania and Kosovo and their impact on the economy and rural development, also the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in these areas.

Also part of this activity were two young entrepreneurs in the field of agro-tourism and agribusiness, respectively Mr Labinot Murrja and Mrs Migena Xheleku, who presented their start-up the challenges they have had and still have, how they used the opportunities before and during the COVID 19 pandemic, and how they think they will operate afterwards. They motivated students to engage in these sectors and by showing them the opportunities that these two fields offer for them.

The panellists presented the following topics:

Impact of Covid-19 on rural development

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  • Albania
  • Sharing Information and connecting people
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Youth as viable pillars of agribusiness growth in Nigeria

YPARD Nigeria hosted the Global Café across Nigeria in different locations in December of 2020. The South West episode held in Ibadan, Oyo State on the 19th of December 2020 in the University of Ibadan-Nigeria. The YPARD Café event which was themed Youth engagement in Agribusiness: Post-COVID-19 brought together 26 young professionals and agribusiness enthusiasts and was well attended with COVID-19 protocols in place. The discussions highlighted the challenges COVID-19 posed, opportunities for youth employability and innovation in agriculture and a path to socio-economic recovery for the nation.

Atinuke Lebile who is the Program Officer of YPARD Nigeria welcomed participants to the event and launched the event with an introductory expose on the activities of the global international organisation that YPARD is and the networking opportunities it provides.

A Keynote address on “Agribusiness and Youth” was delivered by Olaoluwa Farotimi, YPARD Osun state Representative. He spoke extensively on the role of youths in agribusiness, the innovations done by youths in the Agribusiness sector. Mr. Olaoluwa urged youths to be specific when choosing any area of agribusiness, understand the agricultural value chain, collaborate and also solve a particular problem in any niche of their choice. In conclusion, he shared some unexplored opportunities in the Agribusiness sector which youth can key into.

The panel session where guest speakers were invited to share their pre and post COVID -19 experiences was probably the highlight of the event. The line-up of panellists included:

Mr. Olorunfemi Dunsi- Expert on Precision and Integrated Agriculture.

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  • Nigeria
  • Promote agriculture among young people
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