Agriculture continues to be the largest employing sector in Africa, yet the youth are not fully engaged in the industry. The agricultural sector is very broad with a variety of divisions such as research and development; on-farm; extension services; communication and technology; input and output intermediaries; policy among others.
The Global Conference on Aquaculture Millennium +20 (GCA +20) was organized by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific along with the Chinese Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, under the theme of "Aquaculture for Food and Sustainable Development".
Youth employment and livelihoods in agriculture is crucial in order to support the food producers of today and tomorrow. There are many challenges to employing youth in agriculture, including rural to urban migration, negative associations working in agriculture, and lack of empowerment experienced by food producers. Extension and Advisory services are crucial in keeping current farmers and future farmers interested in producing food and contributing to food security.
Extension and advisory services are crucial in keeping current farmers and future farmers interested in producing food and contributing to food security. However, extension and advisory agents face similar challenges to young farmers in entering and staying in the sector, including access to opportunities, credibility, and support.